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The Great Pyramid of Cheops
The Pyramid of Cheops is the first of these pyramids and attributed to King Khufu’s second king of the Fourth Dynasty,
Came to power after the death of his father Bent), was built by Engineer Ham Ono on an area of 13
Acre, and pyramid two entrances in the north and Pyramid still retains part of كسائة in at the top
Original height was 146 m and the current rise is 137 m and the length of each of the aspects of 230 m,
And the angle of inclination of about 50 – 51 degrees.
Pyramid built of limestone, the same as the original stone of the place, while the inner corridor and room
Burial Supreme – containing the sarcophagus – Benita of red granite outer face of
Limestone base of the pyramid square-shaped length of each side in the original 230 m.
The pyramid was built in a way the air pressure, the number of stones used in the construction of approximately 2.3000.00
Stone block, the average weight of both of them between 2.5 to 15 tons, has been building the pyramid took
There in the original design of the pyramid group that consists of: the valley temple, boarding pier,
Which is received funerary temple in the east of the pyramid, and finally the pyramidal shape of the cemetery.
At the east of the pyramid
Found three pyramids Sfirh for the king’s wives, the entrance is located in the north at an altitude of about 20 meters
Contains on the surface leads to a vestibule leads to the underground room, unfinished.
Climb a length of 38 meters and a height of one meter, leading to a corridor stretching 35 meters at an altitude of 1.75
M climb to the second chamber in the pyramid.
The second room made of limestone dimensions of 5.20 m × 5.70 m, 15 m higher altitude
Point of the surface, on the east wall of the room lead to the slot restricted corridor and communicate with
Room burial Supreme Bdehles in the beginning of the cross-aisle There porch measuring 47 m in
Length, 8.50 m in height with the roof is included.
In the middle there is a vestibule low 60 cm,
Limbs above the level of the land.
This corridor connects to the burial chamber, 8.40 m long corridor
And 3.14 m high and with him three slots.
Room containing the ark Grania of the king, and on the north and south walls are no slots
For ventilation and to reach the outer section of the pyramid.
Above the ceiling of the burial chamber, there are five rooms
Land mortuary temple is located in the east of the pyramid.
The rise of the pier up the valley temple
Mortuary temple, which was buried under silt in village of Nazlat quail.
King Khafre’s pyramid
The second pyramid of the three pyramids of Giza, still retains part of كسائة in peak until
Now, with a height of 143.5 m and the length of each rib 215.5 m, and the angle of inclination of 53.10, is located in the
Ground level, the entrance leads to a downward path, the roof of granite and decline angle 22,
End when rampart is heading to a horizontal corridor and then cross the corridor that connects to the burial chamber
Excavated in the rock, also containing limestone roof and there in the middle of the pyramid and contain
Second entrance up to the passage of rock, accidental corridor continues until it connects to lead berth
To the empty room perhaps used for funerary furniture).
Is located at the east of the pyramid, obviously it was a great temple made of limestone and covered
Granite blocks covering the walls and floor and ceiling, leads to the entrance lobby and then to the tiles.
Valley Temple: entrance leads to a vestibule and then to the T-shaped hall contains 16 columns of
Granite height of about four meters.
Hall was paved.
Walls with 23 planned
A statue of Khafre.
Also attributed to him a rock carving statue the Sphinx).
The Pyramid of Menkaure
The Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest Pyramids of Giza Plateau and has a height of about 66 meters or 216 feet.
It is built on the edge of the sloping plateau, and al-Qaida in an area of about 108.5 origin
Meters or 355.8 square feet.
But as a result of lifting stones later to be used for
The other, it has become the length of the sides of the base is about 102.2 × 104.6 meters, or 335.2 meters
Feet × 343.1 feet and rises aspects of a 51-degree angle.
Has covered the 16 lower layers of the pyramid of pink granite blocks have been cut chamber
Burial in the rock bottom of the pyramid and can be accessed through the northern entrance through the corridor
Slope, slope passage was cut last first down the aisle.
The burial chamber was closed by three Sedat or templates granite stone, which was
Ride down in the vertical slots cut in the walls.
The internal chamber used as a store
While the other was used as a burial chamber and has roof Gamalony.
The walls are covered with blocks
The temple was built Mortuary, Valley Temple, and the road leading to two of the few brick and stone
Pyramid dimensions: height 66 m length of each side of the ribs 108 meters